Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Energy Consumption And Greenhouse Emission -

Question: Discuss about the Energy Consumption And Greenhouse Emission. Answer: Introduction This section aims to present an overview of the chosen topic for research and purpose behind selection of the particular topic. Further, the objective for the research is also stated in this section along with preparing the research questions. This section further helps to present aim of the research so that the readers can easily understand the motive behind undertaking this particular research. This research project aims to enhance the quantitative information that is available on energy consumption by commercial buildings. This research will help to analyze the building stock along with energy that is consumed by fuel as well as end use. The data that will be considered for the research project is emission of greenhouse gases from the year 1999 to 2020. Background of the study In this modern world of technological innovations, there is an over increasing demand for energy so as to meet the requirements of people. The increasing demand of energy stimulates the growth of economy however the use of energy also results into emission of greenhouse gases. The existing studies in the past have focused on the relationship among environmental pollutants along with consumption of energy and growth of economy (Khan et al., 2014). Global warming is arising as a major concern for this modern world and there are various measures undertaken by different countries. Hence, this particular research has been chosen to determine if there is any relationship between energy consumption and emission of greenhouse gases. This study will prove to be beneficial for reducing the emission of greenhouse gas particularly in context to the hotels in Australia. Aim of the research The aim of this study is to identify the possibilities of relationship between consumption of energy and emission of greenhouse gases in context to the hotels in Australia. This study will also help to determine usage of energy and the associated emissions of greenhouse gases by considering the quantitative information available with respect to the commercial buildings in Australia. Objectives of the research It is essential to identify and prepare some objectives in accordance to aim of the research so that the chosen topic can be further explored. The developing of objectives for the research helps to divide a broad topic into suitable forms to ensure success of the study. The objectives that have been determined for successful accomplishment of this particular research are listed as below: To identify if there is any relationship between energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in hotels of Australia. To determine the energy usage and the associated emission of greenhouse gases for hotels in Australia. To study the impact of energy usage on emission of greenhouse gases in context to hotels in Australia. Research Questions The research questions forms the base for understanding the topic of research in depth and in a detailed manner. The research questions emphasizes on selected area of analysis so as to gain relevant as well as appropriate information in accordance to the chosen topic for research. The questions that have been prepared for research on the particular chosen topic is listed as below: Do you think that there is relationship between energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in hotels of Australia? Do you think that emission of greenhouse gases is related to usage of energy in hotels of Australia? Do energy usage influence greenhouse gas emissions in hotels of Australia? Structure for the study The entire research project will be conducted by following an organized and detailed format as provided below: Chapter 1 Introduction: This section will focus on providing an overview of the chosen topic for research. Moreover, the aims and objectives of the research are also stated in this section that helps to analyze the research topic. Chapter 2 Literature Review: This section helps to achieve some knowledge on the theories and concepts that are important to conduct the research. In this section, the focus is on critically analyzing existing studies on the chosen topic. Chapter 3 Research Methodology: In this section, the stepwise methods for conducting the research will be discussed. This section as a chapter helps to guide the researcher and understand the process for conducting the study. Chapter 4 Findings and Analysis: This particular section is intended for analyzing the data that will be collected for the study. Further, the section will also demonstrate the results that have been achieved from the study. Chapter 5 Conclusion and Recommendations: This is considered as the final section that draws a conclusion to the study. Further, this section also focuses on recommendations that can be followed for conducting this study in future. Summary This section has focused on providing an overview of the topic that has been chosen for this particular research. The purpose behind undertaking this particular study is also described along with preparing of objectives and research questions. Further, the structure that have to be followed for conducting the entire research project has also been illustrated in this section. Literature Review Introduction This particular section concentrates on developing academic knowledge so as to determine the relationship between the consumption of energy and emission of greenhouse gases. The researcher as well as the readers will be able to achieve better understanding on the research topic with the help of this knowledge. The discussions are carried in this section to study the research topic in a more detailed manner. Theoretical Background The emergence of increasing demand for energy for carrying out human activities have significantly contributed to the change in climate as a result of carbon dioxide emissions. The emission of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increasing the global temperature level as well as greenhouse gases. According to Khoshnevisan et al. (2013), there is continuous growth in the levels of carbon dioxide to 390 ppm above pre-industrial levels. Hence, this study will help to understand the relation between energy consumption and emission of greenhouse gases in context to hotels in Australia. Energy consumption in buildings According to Scofield (2013), it has been reported that around 35 to 40% of total energy is consumed by buildings of developed countries comprising of 50 to 65% electricity consumption. The energy demand is believe to be consistently rising in the buildings for improving the standard of living along with quality of life. The hotels are mostly using energy for maintaining their services being offered to the customers and quality standards. Further, the hotels also offer food and delicacies to their clients due to which there is high consumption of energy such as electricity as well as fuel gas. Chau, Leung and Ng (2015), has stated that 100% of the energy that is generated onsite in hotels using sources with low or even zero carbon can be used for reducing the consumption of energy annually. Emissions from energy consumption in buildings The emission of carbon dioxide due to consumption of energy in context to buildings can be categorized into two types that is direct emissions which means burning of fuel gas for heating or cooking purposes and emissions due to electricity usage for heating, cooling or providing power to the buildings (Alshehry Belloumi, 2015). The emission in hotels consist of both these categories thus increasing the percentage of greenhouse gas emissions. Electricity along with direct consumption of natural gas and petroleum is used for heating or cooking purpose in hotels which are the two most common sources of energy. Approximately 78% of total energy being consumed by buildings is from electricity that results into significant emission of greenhouse gases. As per Huang, Wang and Wang (2015), GHG outflows from power have expanded by around 18% since 1990, as the interest for power has developed and petroleum derivative has remained the prevailing hotspot for age. The measure of vitality expend ed has quadrupled since 1940, while the populace generally multiplied. A sharp increment in lodging units has likewise added to this pattern. There were 140 million lodging units in 2011, an expansion of over 250% since 1940. Summary The hotel industry is utilizing significant amount of energy and thus contributing towards emission of greenhouse gases. In the upcoming years, it is believed that the percentage will rise due to rapid changes in lifestyle as well as technologies. Hence, there is a need to mitigate this issue for reducing the impact on climate. Research Methodology Introduction This section as a chapter defines the approach that is most appropriate and have to be adopted for attaining the results of the research. Flick (2015), illustrates upon the various theories as well as concepts that can be adopted for acquiring in depth knowledge and better analysis of the topic that has been selected for the research. The application of proper research methodology will help to understand the suitable procedure for determining the relationship between energy consumption and emission of greenhouse gases. Further, Punch (2013), has pointed out that common errors may arise while adopting the detailed process for conducting the research which often creates limitations within the process for research. Research Approach The study on the particular topic for this research can be undertaken with the help of two ways that is it may be either deductive or inductive. The inductive approach helps to conduct the research even if there is no data available on the selected topic. The initiation phase of this approach is observation which helps to gather relevant information. However, according to Yilmaz (2013), deductive approach can be used for describing the practical application of theories for attaining the concept of chosen research topic. This approach will help to develop a theory more specialized and concepts for analysis of data. Hence, it is required that the approach should be selected based on the topic for research and nature of the study so that better analysis can be done on the selected topic. Data collection procedure For any research, data is an essential element for collecting information as well as facts that are helpful to study the topic for research. According to Brannen (2017), collection of data is important for deriving more accurate results in context to the study. For this particular research, secondary data is selected as suitable sources of data that can be gathered from online as well as offline sources such as journals, articles along with websites and existing studies that are available on the internet. The data that will be analysed for this particular research will be from the year 1999 to 2020 in context to hotels in Australia. The data to be used for this research is available in the Australian government website Department of the industry, innovation and science from page number 66 to 70. Research Method The methodology that will adopted for this study is quantitative as it will help to gather statistical data for conducting the particular research. This methodology will prove to be beneficial as it helps to achieve accurate results based on objectives prepared for the research. The quantitative approach is suitable for this particular research as it emphasizes on statistical, mathematical or even numerical analysis of data that is obtained from surveys, polls and questionnaires. In this approach, the researcher can also manipulate the data that is already existing with the help of computational techniques. Population and sampling The sample population intended for this research will be 200 records based on the chosen area of research. The simple random sampling approach will be considered for this study as every member will have equal chance to participate for collecting data. The chosen sampling approach for the research is suitable as it is provides every participant with an equal opportunity in participating in the research. The data will be chosen according to validity of those and completeness. The variables that have been identified for this particular research are Energy consumption rate and greenhouse gas emission. Ethical considerations The study for determining the relationship between energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in context to hotels of Australia will be conducted by taking into account the following ethical considerations as below: Involvement of respondents: The participants or members associated with this research will not be exerted with any external influence or pressure to take part in the research. Anonymity of respondents: The identity of the participants will not be disclosed and it will be kept confidential. References Alshehry, A. S., Belloumi, M. (2015). Energy consumption, carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth: The case of Saudi Arabia.Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,41, 237-247. Brannen, J. (Ed.). (2017). Mixing methods: Qualitative and quantitative research. Routledge. Chau, C. K., Leung, T. M., Ng, W. Y. (2015). 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